Growing a hosta plant indoors can be a challenge, but they’re perennials that you can grow and keep healthy with the correct soil and environment.
It’s possible to grow a hosta indoors without replanting them, but they’re perennials that need to go through a dormant stage each year to stay healthy and thriving
. You’ll need to put them through at least six weeks of dormancy with the temperature at or below 42 degrees Fahrenheit.
I know it took a lot of trial and error on my part to learn how to grow my hosta plants indoors. The last thing I wanted was to work so hard all year and have them die off.
I want it to be easier for you, so I’m going to outline the methods I learned that helped me to grow hostas indoors. If you’re curious, take a peek at my guide that tries to answer all your questions about how to grow hostas indoors.
- Choosing the Best Hosta Types
- Growing Hostas Indoors—Optimal Conditions
- Six Do’s and Don’ts for Growing Hosta Indoors
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Closing Thoughts
Choosing the Best Hosta Types
There are hundreds of hosta types available, so narrowing the types down and trying to pick out the best ones can take a while. I know I was blown away by the sheer number of hostas available when I first started looking.
I chose the hostas with thicker leaves and a more glossy look and feel . I thought these would do better than thin-leaf varieties because they’re hardier and can handle the lower humidity in the house.
If you can find them, start with a few of the following hosta types for your indoor planting adventure:
|Suggested Hostas for Growing Indoors|
|Cracker Crumbs||Easy||Lime green with a darker green edge||6 to 8 inches||8 to 12 inches|
|El Nino||Moderate||Deep smoky blue with white||12 to 15 inches||23 inches|
|Sunshine Glory||Easy||Cream with chartreuse||24 inches||48 inches|
|Sum and Substance||Easy||Gold to chartreuse||36 inches||60 inches|
|Capitol Hill||Moderate||Deep green with lime green edges||15 inches||30 inches|
|Frosted Mouse Ears||Easy||Blue-green with cream edges||4 to 6 inches||10 to 12 inches|
These are just a few types of hostas with glossy leaves that can do well indoors with the correct growing environment. If this is your first time growing them indoors, start with a few and slowly expand as you get the hang of keeping them healthy and thriving.
Growing Hostas Indoors—Optimal Conditions
The trick to growing a hosta plant indoors is to get the best growing conditions possible and maintain them.
This short table will touch on the important highlights, and then I’ll go more in depth for you below so you know without a doubt what you can and can’t do with these beautiful perennials to keep them happy and thriving.
|Optimal Conditions for Growing Hostas Indoors|
|Dormancy Period||Six to twelve weeks with temperatures at or below 42F to mimic the winter.|
|Fertilizer||Slow-release in the spring and early summer before switching to water-soluble fertilizer once a week in the summer. Hostas are heavy feeders.|
|Hardiness Zone(s)||3 to 9|
|Light||Partial sun to total shade with indirect light (depends on the cultivar)|
|Pot/Container||maller or dwarf varieties need smaller containers while larger ones need bigger containers to grow. Give your hosta roots room to spread out horizontally.|
|Soil Requirements||Well-drained, rich commercial soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5|
|Temperature(s)||Temperature and humidity levels vary from hosta to hosta|
|Water||Moist but not wet, around one inch per week. Hostas will not tolerate extended drought either.|
Now that you have a quick outline of what you’ll need to grow your hosta indoors, I’ll break them all down for you. My goal is to make you confident that you can grow these hostas and have them thrive all year-round inside your house.
Pick Your Container
One of the first things you want to do is pick out your container after you decide which types of hostas you want to grow.
A larger species will need a deeper and larger container to sprawl out while a smaller hosta plant can get by a smaller one. An approximate size guide is as follows:
|Mature Sizes for Hostas|
|Miniature||Less than six inches||6 to 12 inches||4 to 6 inches|
|Small||10 to 15 inches||12 to 15 inches||6 inches|
|Medium||15 to 18 inches||15 to 24 inches||6 to 8 inches|
|Large||18 to 24 inches||24 to 30 inches||8 to 10 inches|
|Giant||Bigger than 24 inches||Bigger than 30 inches||10 to 12 inches|
For a mature plant, your container should equal the width or spread of the foliage. Hostas planted from bare root starts or small containers may need to be potted in a smaller container for the first year.
A good rule of thumb to follow is to use a pot two inches larger than the root ball of the plant being potted for smaller growing plants and about three inches larger for the larger growing plants in the above table.
Once you settle on a size, you can buy the container. You want to fill the container at least two-thirds full of your rich potting soil before placing the hosta into it. Next, backfill the container with more potting soil until it covers your hosta plant’s roots.
Don’t pack the soil in around the roots. Right after you get your soil in, give your hosta a good watering. For this first time, you’ll water the hosta until the water runs out of the drainage holes along the bottom.
Start with the correct soil type. Outdoor hostas like loamy soil that’s rich enough that you don’t have to add anything to it because it’s rich. Indoors, you want to get a rich and well-draining potting soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5 for optimal growth.
This is a neutral or slightly acidic soil . Buy the best potting soil you can find, this alone can save you a great deal of frustration.
When you first pot-up the plant in the pot or in the spring after the dormancy period, you’ll want to put a slow-release fertilizer into the pot.
Another thing you can do is mix compost into the pot in the spring because this will give your plants a boost and encourage healthy growth.
In the spring, apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer such as 10-10-10. After that, you can apply a water-soluble fertilizer once a week at one-quarter to one-half the strength recommended on the label.
Watering Your Hostas
Watering can be tricky when you first start growing hostas indoors because too much water can lead to root rot while too little can cause damage too. Keep the soil lightly moist, but it shouldn’t be too wet.
This is especially important in the beginning. Once your hostas establish themselves, they’re slightly more forgiving and they can have small periods of dry soil without damage.
Ideally, you’ll give your hostas around an inch of water a week. This is enough to get the soil slightly wet without the plant standing in water. Water the plant near the base underneath the leaves.
If you don’t and you water overhead, it can attract bugs into your home. To see if your plant needs watering stick your finger into the soil. If it is damp and cool an inch or so down, there is no need to water.
Also if you have unglazed ceramic pots, you’ll have to water your hostas more because the unglazed ceramic allows evaporation through the post’s sidewalls.
How much and the type of sunlight your hosta gets will depend on the species. Some hostas like a lot of light while others prefer deep shade.
Either way, you want to avoid putting your hosta anywhere that it’ll get hot, direct sunlight because this can burn the leaves. It does this because sunlight breaks down the chlorophyll in the leaves, and it does it so fast that the hosta can’t replace it.
You’ll pick a location that doesn’t get direct light, and it should also stay cool during the day. They can get a very brief period of direct sunlight in the early morning hours, but no more.
Humidity and Temperature
One nice thing about these plants is that they aren’t fussy about their growing temperature. This is really nice if you’re like me and have areas in your house that get very hot during the day before dropping off at night.
These plants are not very fussy about humidity as long has they are properly watered.
Repotting Your Hostas
Hostas can grow at a quick rate, especially if you find the best growing conditions. You’ll eventually repot your hostas into larger containers, and this usually happens every two or three years.
This gives the roots more room to grow. Get a container that is two or three inches bigger in diameter if you don’t want to split the plant. However, splitting the hosta is a good idea for the plant’s health. I like to do this to get several smaller hosta plants to set around the house.
You will need a sharp pair of scissors to slice through the roots of the hosta and shake the dirt off. Detangle the roots and give your hostas fresh soil and fertilizer when you do this, and it’s best to do it in the spring. Make sure your new pot is big enough for the roots to extend straight down.
Making Your Hostas Go Dormant
Hostas are perennials, and they need a dormancy period each year to rest before they sprout again and come back fuller and thicker. For your plant to go dormant, you’ll need to put them in a cool and dark area where the temperature is around 42°F.
Leave your plant in this cool and dark room for six weeks. If you store the plant where it is freezing it should stay below freezing. You want to avoid a series of freezing and thawing cycles.
During this time, you may notice that your hosta’s leaves drop off. This is 100% normal. I know it scared me the first time I saw it. I thought my hosta was dying, but it came back wonderfully in the spring.
You can add a thin layer of organic mulch or shredded back to the top of the pot to protect the roots from the cooler temperatures.
Once a month, if the soil is not frozen, go in and check for water the same way as described above. They should never be 100% dry.
After the proper time has passed, take the plant back out to its normal location. If the plant is root bound, now is the time to repot or divide it.
Six Do’s and Don’ts for Growing Hosta Indoors
Now that I’ve given you a good outline on how to grow plantain lilies indoors, I’ll let you in on a few quick tips on what you should and shouldn’t do to ensure your hostas thrive.
Tip One: DO put your hosta in a semi-shaded spot
Hostas don’t tolerate direct sunlight well. This can lead to wilting and drying, and your hosta leaves can turn brown. If you notice this happening, move your hostas somewhere that they’re out of the direct sunlight and heat.
Tip Two: DO take care when you water your plants
Getting water on the leaves encourages diseases and illnesses, and it can also increase the possibility of bugs taking up residence on your plants. Therefore, you want to water right at the base under the leaves.
Tip Three: DO consider using a top quality potting soil
Quality potting soil is not cheap, however, it can save you from frustration and possibly losing your plant. Good potting soil will hold the proper amount of water without drying out quickly, like the cheap potting mixes.
These mixes will bind with fertilizer, keeping it more available for the plant instead of simply running out of the bottom of the pot.
Tip Four: DON’T put your hostas under incandescent light bulbs
The heat given off by incandescent light bulbs can cause the leaves to dry out and wilt. You should keep them away from this type of light or limit their exposure. This will help to keep your hostas as healthy as possible.
Tip Five: DON’T let the roots choke the plant
Hosta roots grow out horizontally instead of vertically, and this is where you can run into a lot of problems with them becoming root bound. To prevent this, make sure you repot when you notice the sides and bottom of the container packed with roots.
Tip Six: DON’T skip the dormancy period
These plants do require a dormancy period or the will in time dwindle away.
At the minimum, give them six weeks, but you can go up to 12 weeks to mimic your area’s winter months.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are hostas good indoor plants
Yes. With the proper care and environment, you can create a beautiful, lush, and large houseplant that is easy to maintain. They don’t need direct light, they’re not picky about humidity and temperatures, and they can grow well in containers.
How long do hostas last
Since these plants are perennials, they can come back bigger and better year after year with proper care. It’s not unheard of for hostas to live for over 30 years, especially if they get partial shade, enough water, and indirect sunlight.
Are hostas poisonous to dogs and cats
Yes. All parts of a hosta are poisonous to cats and dogs . If you have indoor pets and indoor hostas, make sure they’re in an area where your pets can’t get to them and accidentally eat them. They can cause vomiting and diarrhea if your pet ingests them.
Do hostas flower
Yes. Many species of hostas flower in mid to late summer. The blooms may or may not have a scent, and they come in a large range of colors, from classic white to royal purple. You can remove the blooms without hurting the plant.
What stunts hosta growth
If you notice your plants aren’t as full and lush as you think they should be, a lack of moisture is usually the primary culprit. Try watering your hostas a little more and see if they grow bigger. If they don’t, give them a boost of fertilizer.
So, can a hosta live inside? You now know that the answer is yes. With a little patience, the right growing conditions, you can have a gorgeous houseplant that comes back every year. Try it and see how beautiful these plants look in your home.